Major Differences in the German Recruiting Process
In Germany, job applicants put more emphasis on specific qualifications, and less on general personality traits. Employers are not very interested in “well-roundedness;” rather, they look for certified competence in a particular area. That puts liberal arts students into an awkward position. German employers simply don't know what to make of an Art History major who wants to take a temporary job in an accounting firm before going on to medical school.
They may neither know what the Ivy League is nor know which university is more prestigious than another. In Germany, where you went to school is largely irrelevant. That makes some sort of mediator — either personal contacts or an organization — all the more important.
Note that the form of German résumés is changing somewhat. Handwritten résumés, once required, are now considered old-fashioned. Read more about what is appropriate.
You might find it useful to read about The German Workplace.
This information is meant to provide only a model from which you can work. You will need to adapt everything to your own circumstances. Be sure you have a native-speaker proofread. As with any job application, carelessness will disqualify you.